TYPE 2 DIABETES– FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that is associated with pancreas. The pancreas is one of the organs of the body that is located behind an individual’s stomach. Normally, the pancreas is expected to release a substance known as insulin into the blood. This insulin assists the body to use the sugars and fats that are broken down from the foods we consume. So Instead of converting sugar into energy, it backs up in the bloodstream and causes a variety of symptoms. When an individual is considered to have diabetes, this means that the pancreas:

  • Does not make insulin,
  • Makes insulin but the insulin are not enough or
  • Makes insulin, but the insulin does not work as it should.

What is type 2 diabetes?

Type-2-Diabetes-Diagram-300x200This is the first of the frequently asked questions on type two diabetes, because that is the first thing that will come to the mind of an individual at the first diagnosis. Type 2 diabetes impacts how sugar is being metabolized in your body. A hormone called insulin is produced by your pancreas. Whenever there is a rise in your blood sugar level(glucose), the pancreas will release insulin which allows glucose to be moved from your blood to your cells where it is used as a source of energy but as glucose levels in your body drops, the pancreas halt the release of insulin. So type 2 diabetes happens because your pancreas has stopped producing insulin or that your body has become resistant to the effects of insulin which causes glucose to be elevated in the blood (known as hyperglycemia)

What causes type 2 diabetes?

Until now, the real cause of type 2 diabetes is still unknown, that is we do not know why the tissues become resistant to insulin but what we know is that it is commonly associated with obesity and often, it runs in the family but there are many theories about what causes it to malfunction including:

  • Environmental irritants
  • Virus or bacteria
  • Chemical irritants
  • Drugs

Several factors also contribute to the development of diabetes which includes:

  • Having a family history of diabetes
  • Having high blood pressure
  • Being overweight
  • Not being active physically
  • Having prediabetes
  • Belonging to an ethnic group that has high risk of having the disease.
  • Having a vascular disease
  • High cholesterol
  • Having a history of gestational diabetes of delivery a large baby
  • Being 45 years of age or older

What is the difference between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes — the pancreas makes little or no insulin. A person with type 1 diabetes must take insulin to survive. This type occurs most often in people who are under 30 years old.

Type 2 diabetes —In this case, the insulin is produced but it doesn’t work as it should. Nine out of 10 people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. This type occurs most often in people who are over 40 years old and overweight.

How can type 2 diabetes be managed?

Diabetes can be managed through proper diet, and changes in lifestyle with include exercising, losing weight and also the use of medications. It is advisable that people with type 2 diabetes use home and office tests in order to monitor their cholesterol, levels of sugar and their triglycerides, which is a type of fat in the blood.

Type 2 diabetes is controlled with:

  • Diet and exercise
  • Medicine taken by the mouth
  • Insulin shots (less common)

What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes brings the following symptoms along:

  • blurry vision
  • increased hunger
  • excessive thirst and urination infections or wounds that heal very slowly
  • weight loss, despite eating more foods
  • fatigue
  • dark patches in the skin

How can I know if I have type 2 diabetes?

Your health care provider can perform blood and urine tests to see if you have diabetes. Normal blood sugar is between 70 mg/dl and 100 mg/dl. The standard diagnosis of diabetes is made when two blood tests show that your fasting blood sugar level (blood sugar before you have

Why do I have to change the way I eat?

Some of the best ways to control your blood sugar level is being smart in the choices you make about food, regular eating habit in good and proper proportion. You can avoid the complications associated with this disease; you need to take control of your blood sugar level. To choose the right kind of food in the right proportion, there is need to consult your dietitian first, so that they can help you with meal plan. Personally, you should try and follow the following healthy tips about what you consume.

  • Avoid completely or limit sweets
  • Eat regularly
  • Watch your carbohydrate intake.
  • Eat more fruits, vegetables and whole-grain foods.
  • Eat less fat
  • Limit your alcohol intake

Why does blood sugar get too high?

Sugar gets too high in the blood stream because: Your body is not able to make enough insulin or it is not able to use the produced insulin properly. It could also be that your liver produces excess sugar, more than the body needs

Can I take both pills and insulin to control my blood sugar?

Yes, if that is the way your doctor has directed you. The combination of insulin and an oral medication is really safe and effective in controlling blood sugar.  This will require you to take oral medication during the day and then using insulin at night. This is often helpful for people that have type 2 diabetes.

What happens if my blood sugar stays too high?

When too much sugar has stayed in your blood stream for a really long time, it can damage your nerves, eyes, feet, blood vessels, kidney and heart.

How frequently should I test my blood sugar?

It varies according to individuals. Some people only need to test their own once in a day while others need to test more than that in a day. This will depend on your doctor’s instructions as he will also be the one to tell you the method you are supposed to adopt in doing that.

Will My Diabetes Ever Go Away?

Ordinarily, the answer is no, but if you start eating healthier, get more exercise, and lose weight, you can reduce your symptoms. From research, we know that changing lifestyle can reverse the condition. In people that have been able to reverse their type 2 diabetes, loss of weight is the key factor. When there are too many fats in the body, it affects the production of insulin and how it is used. According to research, bariatric surgery can reverse type 2 diabetes, but there are easier ways to lose weight and reduce your symptoms. All you need might be a commitment to exercise and good eating habits.

Fact is, your type 2 diabetes can be completely reversed if you can take bold step towards getting engaged in one of the programs that people have testified to in regard to the ways they helped them in reversing their type 2 diabetes completely. These programs are created by experienced men with scientifically proven methods. The programs do not include drugs, just natural and effective methods in making your diabetes go away.

type 2 diabetesWhat are insulin pumps?

Insulin pumps are small, computerized devices (about the size of a beeper), which you wear on your belt or put in your pocket. They have a small flexible tube with a fine needle on the end. The needle is inserted under the skin of your abdomen and taped in place. A flow of insulin that has been carefully measured is released into the tissue. If you are using insulin pump, you are expected to monitor your blood sugar level at least four times in a day.

What should my blood sugar levels be?

For people with type 2 diabetes, the healthy blood sugar levels before meals or when they are yet to eat are 90 to 130 mg/dL. Between 1 and 2 hours after the start of a meal, healthy blood sugar levels are less than 180 mg/dL. This should also be discussed with your doctor

How do I treat my diabetes?

You can treat your type 2 diabetes with a well balanced diet. However try changing your eating habits as well. Make efforts to lose some weight, exercise well and become more active. All these can help in managing your blood sugar level. You also need to follow your doctor’s instructions and medications.

What is A1C?

A1C is a blood test that is usually conducted int he doctor’s office or laboratory. It tells how well your blood sugar levels have been doing over a period of time. Doctors do advise that you get an AIC up to 4 times within a year. It is necessary that you get your AIC done, as this will help you in keeping your blood sugar level within a target range.

type 2 diabetesHow can exercise affect my diabetes?

It has been scientifically proven that increased physical activities have many benefits because it helps to lower the blood pressure and lower
the blood sugar level. It also reduces bad cholesterol and increases the good ones. Exercises keep your heart strong and lower the risk of heart disease or stroke. Most importantly, it helps in improving your body’s ability in making use of insulin.

Must I go on insulin?

No. It is not every one with type 2 diabetes that do take insulin injection. The truth is some of them may never even take it at all but it all depends on several factors, including the timing of diagnosis.

CONCLUSION

Diabetes is a disease of high blood sugar and this happens because your sugar is out of balance. When someone has diabetes, the body is not able to keep the blood sugar level at a healthy balance on its own. The problem comes when an individual has high blood sugar in his blood stream for a long time because this is what leads to other complications that are associated with type diabetes. Continually remind yourself that your decision to deal with your type 2 diabetes is for the disease not to be able to deal with you now or anytime in your future. Think positively and don’t let this chronic disease take control of your life, instead you should be the one in charge in this situation. Embrace any genuine opportunity that comes your way in reversing your diabetes.

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