The Negative Effects of High Blood Sugar level
How does blood sugar affect your body?
When you have high blood sugar which otherwise known as diabetes, the blood glucose levels tends to be high. Over time, this high blood sugar can lead to the damage of your body which may lead to a lot of other problems.
How do you know the sugar content in your body and when the sugar in your blood is too much? Why is high blood sugar so dangerous for your health? Here’s a tip into how your sugar level of your body affects your health.
Blood glucose normal level in the body
A normal human blood sugar level is less than 101 mg/dL after fasting for about 7 hours. The sugar level is less than 139 mg/dL about 2 hours after eating.
During the day, the sugar levels tends to be at the lowest just before meals. In most people without high blood sugar, their blood sugar levels before meals float around 75 to 85 mg/dL. With some people, 55-60 is normal while in others it is 90.
What is a low sugar level?
This actually varies widely, too. Quite a lot of people’s sugar levels will never fall below 60, even with lengthened fasting. When you subject yourself to diet plan or fast food. The liver however retains the sugar levels in a normal state by turning the fat and muscle into sugar.
Human body wants blood glucose or blood sugar kept in a very small range. The body glucagon and insulin are the main hormones which make this happen. The insulin and glucagon are hormones which are secreted from the pancreas. It is the production of insulin and glucagon hormones by the pancreas which finally determines if a patient has diabetes or some other blood sugar problem.
The three polys symptoms of high blood sugar
The basic symptoms of high blood sugar are polyuria, polydipsia, and polyphagia. This symptoms has English names which are: Polyuria – excessive urination, polydipsia – excessive thirst and polyphagia – excessive hunger. A doctor who hears complaints on these three symptoms will immediately reach for a blood glucose meter. It is possible that someone with these complaints is definitely suffering from high blood pressure. Most people experiencing these symptoms do not notice them right away. This is just because they often creep up on a person gradualy, and somehow because the signs and symptoms of high blood sugar are not well known to people who does not have high blood sugar (diabetes) or do not know they have high blood sugar.
Below are the full details on these classic three symptoms:
Excessive urination (Polyuria ) –
is the result of biological and chemical chain reaction which feeds on itself. This starts in the blood, where high blood sugar concentrations in an osmotical way pull the intracellular fluid into the bloodstream. The body tries to equalize the concentration of blood sugar in the blood with the concentration in the cells.
Until the blood sugar levels are normalized, the renal tubules cannot regain the ability to absorb fluids.
The cells in the body pumps water into the bloodstream, and the kidneys. Thereby unable to reabsorb this fluid during filtering, which becomes uncontrollable, thereby flushing water from the body. The result of this process is runaway urination.
For an adult to meet the clinical definition of polyuria urine output must exceed 2.5 liters per day. The normal urine output is about 1.5 liters per day and however, extremely high blood sugar can lead to outputs of about 15 liters. In rare cases, polyuria can add at 20 to 25 liters per day, just about half the total fluid volume of the body.
High blood sugar –
The dehydrating effect of polyuria is important in many of the other signs and symptoms of high blood sugar, including polydipsia.
Excessive thirst (Polydipsia ) –
This is a response to the dehydrating effects of excessive thirst polyuria; this is the body’s attempt to rehydrate itself. The thirst signals in the brain are speed up by osmoreceptors, specialized cells in the hypothalamus which detects the level of plasma osmolality and the level of dehydration of the blood, it also creates the urge to drink fluids when a person is lacks fluid or is dehydrated.
High blood sugar –
The relationship between excessive thirst and excessive urination is most of the time misinterpreted by people suffering from high blood sugar, most especially before diabetes is suspected.
High blood sugar –
Ignorance make many people demand for a soda when they are thirsty which makes things more complicating, sugar and caffeine are mostly contained in sodas which also can lead to high blood sugar when consumed in excess. The sugar triggers the high blood sugar level, and even higher than normal and the caffeine makes the polyuria even worse. The basic truth is that they both increases thirst rather than resolving it.
Excessive hunger –
Excessive hunger is not really caused so much by a high blood sugar level as by a low insulin level. The low insulin level can be either Type 1 diabetes – an absolute shortage of insulin or a relative shortage of insulin – Type 2 diabetes. In any of the two type diabetes, the quantity of insulin in the blood is not enough to move blood sugar molecules from the bloodstream into the cells, where they can be used to fuel during cellular processes.
The cells have no way of knowing that they’re starving. When the glucose they need exists in abundance nearby in the bloodstream. But the deficiency of insulin makes it difficult to be accessed. Ultimately, this leads to hunger which makes high blood sugar worse when a person responds by eating.
To read more on this interesting educative article click on this link High Blood Sugar.